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Acupuncture

Theory and Practice

The theory behind acupuncture treatment is that the healthy functioning of the body is governed by the flow of healthy blood and fluids through the circulatory system. It is not an energy treatment. The word ‘qi’ is often mistranslated as meaning ‘energy’, although it literally translates as ‘vital air’ and refers to the oxygenation of the blood and cells. When this flow stagnates or is impaired (blood stasis), illness occurs. By painlessly inserting hair-thin sterile needles at various designated points, the body’s balance can be restored and the illness resolved.


The flow of healthy blood can be disrupted in many ways: emotional upset, physical trauma, poor diet and overwork are all common examples. By examining the underlying cause and how it has affected the body, the most appropriate treatment for each patient can be selected. Treating the patient as an individual is at the core of acupuncture treatment and is vital in successfully assisting the body to rebalance itself.


Stasis can manifest as pain, hot or cold sensations, or colour changes. These signs, along with pulse and tongue diagnosis can help determine which points are most suitable for treatment. Scientists have different opinions about how acupuncture works, however, repeated trials have shown its effectiveness and it is endorsed by the World Health Organisation. Acupuncture also includes other complementary techniques such as cupping, moxibustion and acupressure.

“To the acupuncturist’s eye, the human body presents  a complex system for the movement and flow of healthy blood and vital fluids. These are the essential cellular nutrients essential to human health and correct organ function. They are the vital elements which move us, nourish us, and allow us to function mentally, emotionally and physically as we make our way through life.”

Acupuncture needles being inserted.

What can Acupuncture treat?

  • Stress, anxiety, depression, insomnia, chronic fatigue.
  • Digestive disorders – IBS, bloating, constipation.
  • Menstrual and menopausal disorders – PMT, painful periods, PCOS, hot flushes, endometriosis, fibroids.
  • Pregnancy discomforts, morning sickness, back pain.
  • Pain – sports injuries, lower back, knee, hip, sciatica, shoulder, and neck.
  • Headaches and migraines.
  • Skin conditions – eczema, psoriasis, acne.

These are just some of the common complaints successfully and regularly treated with acupuncture.

Traditional Chinese Medicine includes many techniques beyond acupuncture. Herbal medicine, bodywork, moxibustion and cupping are all effective at alleviating symptoms and re-establishing an optimal state of balance.

Moxa herbs being applied.

Moxibustion employs the herb mugwort (Artemisia Vulgaris), or moxa, burned near specific points of the body, for its warming and blood-invigorating properties, usually in conjunction with acupuncture to facilitate healing. Typically, the patient experiences a pleasant heating sensation that penetrates deep into the skin.

Cupping treatment

Cupping is the term applied to a technique that uses small glass cups as suction devices that are placed on the skin. Generally, cupping is combined with acupuncture in one treatment, but it can also be used alone. 


This technique is much like the inverse of massage - rather than applying pressure to muscles, it uses gentle suction to pull them upward. For most patients, this is a particularly relaxing and relieving sensation. The suction and negative pressure provided by cupping can loosen muscles, encourage blood and lymph flow, and sedate the nervous system (which makes it an excellent treatment for high blood pressure). 


Cupping is used to relieve musculoskeletal conditions such as back and neck pains, stiff muscles, anxiety, fatigue, migraines, rheumatism, and to clear congestion from a common cold or help to control asthma. In fact, respiratory conditions are one of the most common issues that cupping is used to relieve. It can even assist in weight loss.  


Cupping is one of the best deep-tissue therapies available. It is thought to affect tissues up to four inches deep from the external skin, helping to release toxins and clearing blockages.